Ajax File Upload with ExtJS and Spring Framework

March 1, 2010 | By

file upload spring extjs loiane Ajax File Upload with ExtJS and Spring Framework

This tutorial will walk you through how to implement an ajax file upload form using ExtJS on client side and Spring Framework on server side.

What are you going to need before start this tutorial?

First, you need to implement the ExtJS File Upload form. You can use ExtJS File Upload example page to see how it looks like (I’m using third example).
Bellow is the form I implemented (or copied from ExtJS and adapted it to my needs – spring):



    var msg = function(title, msg){
            title: title,
            msg: msg,
            minWidth: 200,
            modal: true,
            icon: Ext.Msg.INFO,
            buttons: Ext.Msg.OK

    var fp = new Ext.FormPanel({
        renderTo: 'fi-form',
        fileUpload: true,
        width: 500,
        frame: true,
        title: 'File Upload Form',
        autoHeight: true,
        bodyStyle: 'padding: 10px 10px 0 10px;',
        labelWidth: 50,
        defaults: {
            anchor: '95%',
            allowBlank: false,
            msgTarget: 'side'
        items: [{
            xtype: 'fileuploadfield',
            id: 'form-file',
            emptyText: 'Select a File to import',
            fieldLabel: 'File',
            name: 'file',
            buttonCfg: {
                text: '',
                iconCls: 'upload-icon'
        buttons: [{
            text: 'Upload',
            handler: function(){
	                    url: 'fileUpload/import.action',
	                    waitMsg: 'Uploading your file...',
	                    success: function(fp, o){
	                        msg('Success', 'Processed file on the server');
            text: 'Reset',
            handler: function(){


And here is an example of how to use it (html page):

<title>Spring FileUpload Example with ExtJS Form</title>

    <!-- Ext JS files -->
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/extjs-file-import-spring/ext-3.1.1/resources/css/ext-all.css" />
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/extjs-file-import-spring/ext-3.1.1/examples/shared/examples.css" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/extjs-file-import-spring/ext-3.1.1/examples/ux/fileuploadfield/css/fileuploadfield.css"/>
	<style type=text/css>
        .upload-icon {
            background: url('/extjs-file-import-spring/ext-3.1.1/examples/shared/icons/fam/image_add.png') no-repeat 0 0 !important;
	<script src="/extjs-file-import-spring/ext-3.1.1/adapter/ext/ext-base.js"></script>
	<script src="/extjs-file-import-spring/ext-3.1.1/ext-all.js"></script>
	<script src="/extjs-file-import-spring/ext-3.1.1/examples/ux/fileuploadfield/FileUploadField.js"></script>
	<!-- file upload form -->
	<script src="/extjs-file-import-spring/js/file-upload.js"></script>


	<h1>Spring File Upload Example Integrated with ExtJS FileUpload Form</h1>
	<p>Click on "Browse" button (image) to select a file and click on Upload button</p>
	<div id="fi-form"></div>

Before starting to code a FileUploadController, you are going to need a FileUploadBean:

package com.loiane.beans;

import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;

public class FileUploadBean {
	private MultipartFile file;

	public MultipartFile getFile() {
		return file;

	public void setFile(MultipartFile file) {
		this.file = file;

And here is my FileUploadController (I am simply storing the uploaded file in a directory in my hard drive – C:). You can add some validation or process the file in this class. You can also add some message to return to client side in case of success or failure.

package com.loiane.web;

import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.OutputStream;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import org.springframework.validation.BindException;
import org.springframework.web.bind.ServletRequestDataBinder;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.MultipartFile;
import org.springframework.web.multipart.support.ByteArrayMultipartFileEditor;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.SimpleFormController;

import com.loiane.beans.FileUploadBean;

public class FileUploadController extends SimpleFormController  {

	protected ModelAndView onSubmit(
			HttpServletRequest request,
			HttpServletResponse response,
			Object command,
			BindException errors) throws ServletException, IOException {

		// cast the bean
		FileUploadBean bean = (FileUploadBean) command;

		MultipartFile file = bean.getFile();
		String fileName = null;

		if (file == null) {
			System.out.println("User Did not upload file");
		else {
			System.out.println("Uploaded File Name is :" + file.getOriginalFilename());

		InputStream inputStream = null;
		OutputStream outputStream = null;
		if (file.getSize() > 0) {
			inputStream = file.getInputStream();
			String root = "C:\\";
			fileName = root + file.getOriginalFilename();
			outputStream = new FileOutputStream(fileName);
			int readBytes = 0;
			byte[] buffer = new byte[10000];
			while ((readBytes = inputStream.read(buffer, 0 , 10000))!=-1){

				outputStream.write(buffer, 0, readBytes);

		return null;


	protected void initBinder(HttpServletRequest request, ServletRequestDataBinder binder)
	throws ServletException {
		// to actually be able to convert Multipart instance to byte[]
		// we have to register a custom editor
		binder.registerCustomEditor(byte[].class, new ByteArrayMultipartFileEditor());
		// now Spring knows how to handle multipart object and convert them


You also need to add this in your servelt.xml:

	<!-- max upload size in bytes -->
     <bean id="multipartResolver" class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
     	<property name="maxUploadSize" value="1000000"/>

Very simple!

Here is the source code of my example project: http://github.com/loiane/extjs-file-import-spring

Happy coding!

Filed in: ExtJS, Spring | Tags: , , ,

Comments (35)

  1. Muito bom esse uploader. Ainda acharei um para jQuery onde aceita uma action url como este.

    Parabéns pelo blog, vou linkar este aqui também no meu.


    • Loiane

      Thanks Washington!
      Pensei que tivesse isso em JQuery, o plugin é bem mais completo que ExtJS (pelo menos eu acho! ) Se achar, dá um toque!
      I thought that was something like this in JQuery. If you find anything, please let me know.

  2. Malhar
  3. Hung

    Cool! Thanks for sharing!

  4. Julien

    Thank you so much Loiane for your help, it will save me a lot of time and effort.



  5. Jhon Alexxx

    GREAT!!!!, i’m looking for something like this, very goog example step by step; excellent post thanks for sharing ………………….

  6. Again. Nice Post… Thanks for sharing

  7. LepperBrutalDrummer

    Eternal thanks Loiane!!
    Excellent post!! You are going to help thousand of people!!!

    Hug and kisses from Chile!!

    PS: I needed to download the spring-web.jar for the multipart bean. Here is the link if someone had the same problem http://www.java2s.com/Code/Jar/STUVWXYZ/Downloadspringwebjar.htm

  8. Cort

    Implemente el ejercicio enteramente, pero consigo un error en el archivo Ext-all.js linea 7 caracter 102830. Alguna idea sobre que puedo estar haciendo mal?. Soy un novato en cuanto a la librería Extjs o Sencha.

  9. Cort

    I get an error on Ext-all.js line 7 character 102830. Any ideas?

  10. Cort

    I’m using ext-3.2.1.

  11. Cort

    It’s solved now. =)

  12. adr

    I try your example but I get an error “missing ) in parenthetical” all the time.. any idea what might be wrong?

  13. Sam

    Wow, I just started to read ExtJs book. I found out just like reading a completely new language. My ultimate goal was to find a view technology for Springframework. I was just searching some of others code and all seem to have different technologies like richfaces, dwr etc. I started thinking I am starting to get old, because there are so many. And the book which i referred did all it’s serverside stuff in php. Then I thought would ExtJs be helpful enough when I become comfortable with it and try to implement it with Java. Then I saw your post. I downloaded the git version and it was great. Then I tried to write everything myself(copy), where I stumbled. But the problem I found out later was Apache Tomcat did not referesh change I made. So i had to undeploy it from Apache and then redeploy it. Now it’s so cool. You gave me motivation to complete Extjs book. At least FormPanel and other ajax stuff. Thank you very much

  14. AC Milan

    Great. You have many great articles. Thanks. Keep posting more great articles :D :D

  15. eliud

    I get an error on Ext-all.js line 7 character 102830. Any ideas?

    I’m using extjs 3.2.1, and when a call upload controller, another web page is opened

    could you help me please

  16. Nice examples. Great work!

  17. Sarah

    I am using extjs 3.3.0. I got error in IE6, code is 100647. and SyntaxError Unexpected token < @extjs-file-import-spring:1 in Chrome.

    Would you help me, please!

  18. pradeep

    can u plz explain the example using the servlet and extjs for uploading the file

  19. gg

    Great example! Could you please comment what needs to be done if one wants to add notes or other descriptions about the uploaded file?

  20. pengzhou

    i’m looking for some upload information,thanks a lot.

  21. Rahul

    I tried this examples, however on the server side, the File object is coming as null. Can you please let me know the possible things to look at ?


  22. paladin1988

    very nice.
    l benefit from your demo thank U.

  23. oulei

    I try your example but I get an error “missing ) in parenthetical” all the time.. any idea what might be wrong?